Visit Salvador (Bahia) in Brazil

Visit Salvador (Bahia) in Brazil

Salvador is a Brazilian city, the state capital of Bahia, in the metropolitan mesoregion of Salvador and micro-region of Salvador, Northeast of the country. First capital of colonial Brazil, Salvador is notable throughout the country for its cuisine, music and architecture, and its metropolitan area is the second richest in the North-Northeast Brazil in GDP. The African influence in many cultural aspects of the city makes it the center of the african-Brazilian culture. The historic center of Salvador, iconized in the district of Pelourinho, is renowned for its Portuguese colonial architecture with historical monuments dating from the seventeenth century to the early twentieth century and has been declared as World Heritage by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 1985.9

Salvador has over 2.9 million inhabitants, the most populous municipality in the Northeast, the third of Brazil and the eighth in Latin America (surpassed by Sao Paulo, Mexico City, Buenos Aires, Lima, Bogota, Rio de Janeiro and Santiago) .10 Its metropolitan area, known as "Great Saviour", had 3,573,973 inhabitants registered in 2010 by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), 11 making it the third most populous metropolitan area in the Northeast, the seventh Brazil and one of the 120 largest in the world.12 For these urban-population size, is classified by the IBGE study on the Brazilian urban network as a regional metropolis. These demographics are spread over an area of ​​693.276 square kilometers, also according to IBGE, the coordinates from the landmark of the city's founding, the Forte de Santo Antonio da Barra are 12 ° 58 '16' 'south and 38 ° 30 '39' 'oeste.3

The first seat of the Portuguese colonial administration of Brazil, the city is one of the oldest in America. Was formerly called "Bahia" or "the city of Bahia." Also received epithets like Black Rome and Mecca of Blackness, being a metropolis with a large percentage of blacks. According to the anthropologist Vivaldo da Costa Lima, the "Black Rome" is a derivation of "African Rome", coined by Mother Annie, founder of Ile Axe Opó Afonjá. In the 1940s, in testimony to the cultural anthropologist Ruth Landes. According Mother Annie, and Rome is the center of Catholicism, Salvador was the center of worship of deities. Later, in his book City of Women, Landes translated the expression as the Black Rome. Later, when the book was translated into Portuguese, Black Rome became Rome Negra.13

State economic center, Salvador is also exporting port, industrial center, administrative and tourist. Moreover, it is home to important regional, national and international companies. Was in Salvador where did Odebrecht, which in 2008 became the largest conglomerate of companies in the field of construction and petrochemicals in Latin America, with several business units in Salvador, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo and several countries world.14 In addition to companies, the city also hosts many events, organizations and institutions such as the Federal University of Bahia (second best in the North-Northeast and the 58th America Latina15 16 17 and the Brazilian has improved over the last two years) 18 and the Brazilian Army Administration School.

 

De cima, em sentido horário: Farol da Barra; visão panorâmica da Ponta de Santo Antônio e bairro da Barra; Elevador Lacerda; vista aérea do bairro Rio Vermelho; monumento aos heróis das batalhas da Independência da Bahia e edifícios do Centro Histórico.