Visit Brasilia in Brazil
Visit Brasilia in Brazil

Brasília is the federal capital of Brazil and the seat of government Federal.8 District 9 The city is located in the Midwestern region of the country, along the geographic region known as the Central Plateau. In the census conducted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics in 2014, its population was 2,852,372 inhabitants10 (3,716,996 in its metropolitan area), 11 and then the fourth most populous city in the Brazilian capital país.nota 1 is the largest city in the world built in the century XX.14

The city has the second highest GDP per capita in relation to capital (57,665.03 dollars), 15 the fifth highest among major cities in Latin America and about three times the average income brasileira.16 As the national capital, Brasília is the seat of the three main branches of the Brazilian government and hosts 124 embassies estrangeiras.17 The city's planning policy, such as the location of residential buildings in large urban areas, the construction of the city through large avenues and dividing it into sectors has provoked debates about the lifestyle in large cities in the twentieth century. The city's design divides it into numbered blocks, and sectors to pre-determined activities, such as the Hotel Sector, Banking or Embassies.

The urban plan of the capital, known as "Pilot Plan" was prepared by urban planner Lucio Costa, who, taking advantage of the topography of the region, adapted it to the Paranoá Lake, conceived in 1893 by the Mission Cruls.18 The city began to be planned and developed in 1956 by Lúcio Costa and the architect Oscar Niemeyer. Inaugurated on April 21, 1960, by President Juscelino Kubitschek, Brasilia formally became the third capital of Brazil, after Salvador and Rio de Janeiro. Seen from above, the main area of ​​the city resembles the shape of an airplane or a borboleta.19 20 The city, commonly referred to as "Capital Federal" or "BSB", is considered a World Heritage Site by UNESCO because of its set architectural and urban 21 and has the world's largest tumbled area, with 112.5 km quadrados.22 23

The word "Brasília" can refer to the Federal District as a whole or just Administrative Region I, which is basically formed by the Pilot Plan and the Brasilia National Park. The Federal District accumulates county and state characteristics. Other administrative regions, also called "satellite cities", which form the Federal District are not municipalities.